This information guide from Physiostation is all about Knee pain. It explains the common causes of knee pain as well as providing advice on how to reduce knee pain.
Knee pain is one of the commonest musculoskeletal complaints. It is particularly common in teenagers and young adults, with as many as 1 in 3 experiencing problems at some time or other. There are many causes for pain around the knee but typically they can be put into one of 2 categories – traumatic (following an injury) or non-traumatic (symptoms have come on without any obvious reason).
Knee pain following an injury
When you’ve been involved in an injury, such as twisting too far, landing awkwardly, being hit by someone or something into the knee, we will most likely suffer some degree of ligament injury. Please note: If you suspect a bony injury, we would recommend you go to an Accident & Emergency Department for further investigations as soon as possible.
Early management following injury
If you think you’ve had a more significant injury, it’s worth getting the opinion of either your GP or a Chartered physiotherapist as soon as is convenient, to ensure you get the right early management, thus giving you the best chance for full recovery. If you suspect a break in one of the bones around the knee, you should go to the Accident & Emergency Department for further investigations as soon as possible.
Most mild sprains will settle down within a few weeks and shouldn’t cause you much of a problem. To help your recovery, we have put together some specific knee exercises. If your problems persist for more than a few weeks, its worth getting the opinion of a Chartered Physiotherapist or your GP.
Knee pain without injury
Pain that develops around the knee, without any injury, can come from many sources.
In teenagers and young adults, a common area to be affected is the knee cap joint, or, from the muscles surrounding and supporting this joint. This joint is situated over the front of your knee and is called the patello-femoral joint. If you think this is likely to be the problem affecting your knee, we would recommend a thorough assessment from a Chartered Physiotherapist as symptoms from this region tend to be persistent, but can be improved with expert guidance.
As we got older, knee problems tend to occur from within the knee joint itself. Beyond the age of 50, we will more likely start to develop symptoms from the age related changes that our joints go through. Our body’s are very well designed to cope with these changes as they happen very gradually.
During the aging process, it is helpful to keep fit and active as well as maintain a healthy weight. The more weight we carry, the greater the strain on our joints, so it’s important to keep this under control. You can find out if your a healthy weight using the Healthy Weight Calculator by NHS Choices. If you need some help with weight management or help with starting an exercise programme, at Physiostation we can refer you directly to the Lifestyles services available through Livewire. Please get in touch if you would like more information on this.
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